History of the origins of the Vande Mataram

Vande Mataram is the national song of India written by the Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1882 in the novel, Anandamath. Originally it was written two languages, Bengali and Sanskrit.

The National song is sung to the Mother Land on any national occasions. This song is very inspiring had help freedom fighters a lot during the Indian independence movement. It is very powerful and still inspires us to always fight for our nation wellness. It was first time sung by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1896 in a political meeting of Indian National Congress.

Two most beautiful stanzas of the original Vande Mataram song have been officially declared as the National Song of India in 1950 after the independence of India.

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is also known by name Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. He was a very famous novelist and great poet of India. He had written the Vande Mataram song (on 7th of November in 1875) from which the national song of India has been taken officially. These two words (Vande Mataram) is the most important word of the national song and have become words of great importance for our nation. These two words are very inspiring, motivating and most powerful which was recited by many freedom fighters of India when they were being sentenced by the Britishers.

Motherland is a most important essence of Hindu culture. All the great warriors of the India (Lord Rama, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, etc) had fought dedicatedly for saving the Motherland. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was graduated from Calcutta University. He was a government official when he composed the “Vande Mataram” song. He wrote this song by using words from both languages, Sanskrit and Bengali which was first published in his novel Anandamatha (written in Bengali) in 1882. Soon he was asked to give a special tune for his song.

Vande Mataram is a very famous quote which has been by the freedom fighters as the national cry for getting freedom from British rule. It has given lots of inspiration to us during the Indian independence movement. It was used to enhance nationalistic fervour and shouted as a slogan during all the independence movement. This song was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore (writer of national anthem) in the Congress meeting at Calcutta in 1896. Later it was sung by the Dakhina Charan Sen in 1901 after five years during another Congress meeting at Calcutta.

In 1905, it was again sung by the great poet, Sarala Devi Chaudurani in the Congress meeting in Benares. A journal was started with the same name by the Lala Lajpat Rai and a political movie was made with the same name by the Hiralal Sen in 1905. Vande Mataram was written in the center of the first version flag of India by the Bhikaiji Cama in 1907.

The two stanzas of the original version Vande Mataram has been adopted as the “National Song” of India:

“Vande mataram

sujalam suphalam


sasya syamalam mataram

vande mataram

subhra jyotsna

pulakita yaminim

phulla kusumita



sumadhura bhasinim

sukhadam varadam mataram

vande Mataram”


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