Shigellosis is a disease that is transmitted through contaminated food and sewage. Shigellosis is caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Shigella. The disease is easily spread by direct or indirect contact with the excrement of the patient. Shigella bacteria are one of the main causes of diarrhea.
The disease mainly affects the intestines. Therefore, blood is found along with the stool. Children under the age of five have a higher risk of death if Shigella symptoms become severe. There is no vaccine for shigellosis. If left untreated, the disease can spread quickly. The disease is usually cured without treatment. ORS, I.V. Treatment with fluid and paracetamol is given primarily. Symptoms can be Diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, fatigue, bloody stools, dehydration.
- Drink only boiled water.
- Wash hands with soap before meals and after defecation.
- Maintain personal hygiene.
- Do not defecate in open spaces.
- Proper disposal of baby diapers.
- People with symptoms should not cook food.
- Avoid stale foods.
- Eat hot water and food.
- Properly cover food items.
- Do not allow children with diarrhea to interact with others.
- Disinfect toilets and bathrooms.
- Do not interfere in unhygienic situations.
- Avoid direct contact with the patient.
- Use fruits and vegetables only after washing.
- People with symptoms should take ORS solution, salted porridge water and karikin water.
- Chlorinate drinking water sources.